As mentioned by Foot et al (1999), Selection can be defined as the process of trying to determine which individual will best match particular jobs in the organizational context, taking into account individual differences, the requirements of the job and the organization’s internal and external environments. Many tools are available for making a selection decisions. The tools differ mainly in the amount and type of information provided. Some, such as application blanks, collection information about an applicant’s past.
While going through this types of predictions, it is being assumed that individuals previous behaviour might represent his future behaviour. Others, such as test, provide behavioural information about the present and are based on the assumption that present behaviour predicts future behaviour. As stated by Willams et al (1993), the selection process should not be undertaken without an awareness of the factors that influence the selection decision. While going through the study of Master in Business Administration courses, the author found the Human Resources Management course very interesting.
The author realise that he has also gone through several procedures of Human Resources Department activities in his job life in United Kingdom as well as in his home country. Apart from that, the author also has future plan to start his career in the field of Human Resources Department of a well known organization. Beside, as the author himself applies for various jobs, he regularly goes through the selection and recruitment process of various organizations.
When the author got a chance to do a research on any specific topic in relation to a specific organization, he feel interested to select the selection and recruitment topic as this research would give him an opportunity to go in depth of those processes. While selecting an organization for research, the author collected information about recruitment and selection process of several organizations and discovered that at present most of the well established stores start their recruitment and selection process through online and it ends through a face to face interview.
Superdrug Plc, Oxford Street Branch is one of the stores like this. As the author has some personal networking with some employees of Superdrug Plc, Oxford Street Branch the author feel that it would be easy for him to collect information for his research if he select the company. Research design is the plan stating in which way the collection of data and its analysis will be carried out. A research design is a master plan specifying the methods and procedures for collecting and analyzing the needed information (Zikmund 2003, p. 65).
In general, the research must be designed properly and should avoid sensitive topics, such as religious, politics, age and salary and so on. Also, the actual purpose and benefits of the research or experiment must be identified and confidentiality, informed consent and freedom from harm must be promised. Before research, researcher needs to develop an effective research strategy or design which is the most suitable methods of investigation, the nature of research instruments, the sampling plan, and the types of data that is qualitative or quantitative. This research mainly concern to get original nature of a problem or issue.
Collection of primary data is the main source of this exploratory research. This reserach is more investigative in nature. Exploratory research is investigation informal studies to provide background information. It is not intended to provide conclusive evidence from which to follow a concrete direction, rather it provides a basis that subsequent research will be a requirement to achieve final results. The basic purpose behind exploratory research is to exhaust inexpensive readily available data which may help to prevent mistakes like rushing into expensive detailed surveys (Zikmund, 1997).
Descriptive Research Descriptive research accurately describes certain aspects. The descriptive research is used in order to ascertain and be able to describe the characteristics of the variables of interest in a situation. Hypothesis testing is undertaken to explain the nature of certain relationship. For example, research undertaken to find the market share of different companies, or demographics of the people of the city can be classified as descriptive research. Casual research or Conclusive research
The purpose of a casual research is to study causal links between two groups whose are named as control group and experimental group (Hakim, 2000). One of the groups is known as dependent variable and another group is known as independent variable. The purpose of this research is to find out change in one variable because of the change in another variable. Obtained Method: Justification for Descriptive Design The author is going to do the critical evaluation of existing recruitment and selection methods to satisfy the human resources need of Superdrug Plc Oxford Street Branch.
While going through the research it would be needed to look at the existing employee and potential employee’s knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, fears towards existing recruitment and selection method of this organization. Exploratory research and casual research would limit the area of this research as positivistic approach would emphasize more on causality and fundamental laws of recruitment and selection method rather then peoples approach to the recruitment and selection method of Superdrug Plc.
As mentioned by Kumar (1999), In order to know different opinions about people towards an issue descriptive research method is best. That’s why; the author would select descriptive design for this research. Data collection method Secondary data The data which are used for a research project that were originally collection for some other purposes are known as secondary data (Lewis, 2009).
Hussey and Hussey (1997) mentioned about the following two sources of secondary data:a) Internal: library or desk research is known as a established method of collecting secondary data as internal records and published records are often cable to of giving useful information, sometimes which is sufficient enough to made the discussion. b) External: These types of data include statistics or report issued by the government, trade association or other reputed organizations and the useful information are circulated by the advertising / research companies.
The secondary sources which will be used for the research are: Books & Magazine Books and Magazines on Human Resources Management should be used for having a deep idea about literature on recruitment and selection process. The author would collect those books from University of Wales Library and from some other public library such as Ideal Library. Internet The author would use internet to collect journal and article on selection and recruitment process and to collect information from Superdrug Plc.
Through Internet the author would also go through the selection process of Superdrug Plc. Besides, the author would also use online library of University of Wales. Newspaper During the research period, the author would also keep an eye on various business related newspapers to collect updated information about Human Resource Management Issues. The data acquired from the secondary source will be used to cross examine with the literature reviews in favour of supporting the primary data towards an in depth analysis of the projected subject.