Two worlds in the Little Prince ——-Loneliness in human nature and contradiction in life Two worlds in the Little Prince ——-Loneliness in human nature and contradiction in life [Abstract]: The essay divides the journey of the little prince into two worlds: adults’ world and children’s world. Then it analyzes the loneliness in human nature and the contradiction in life presented by the characters that the little prince meets. At last, the essay stresses the original motivation of the world development and the meaning that the story to the real world. Keywords]: adults’ world; children’s world; the loneliness in human nature; the contradiction in life ????????? ——???????????? ?? :??????????????? ,?????????? ,????????????????????????????????????????????? ,????????????????????????? ??? : ???? ; ???? ;?????? ;?????? Contents Abstract—————————————————————————-I Contents—————————————————————————II Introduction———————————————————————-1 1 .
The overview of the two worlds—————————————————–2 2 . Adults’ world———————————————————————— ——3 2. 1The introduction to the adults appear in the journey———————–3 2. 2The analysis of the loneliness in human nature and the contradiction in life in the adults’ world———————————4 3. The children’s world——————————————————————-6 3. 1 The analysis to the characters in the children’s world——————–6 . 2 The loneliness and contradiction in the children’s world—————–7 Conclusion———————————————————————–8 References———————————————————————–8 Two worlds in the Little Prince ——-Loneliness in human nature and contradiction in life Introduction The Little Prince (French: Le Petit Prince), published in 1943, is French aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupery’s most famous novella. Saint-Exupery wrote it while living in the United States.
It has been translated into more than 180 languages and has sold more than 80 million copies, making it one of the best selling books ever. An earlier memoir by the author recounts his aviation experiences in the Sahara desert. He is thought to have drawn on these same experiences for use as plot elements in The Little Prince. Saint-Exupery’s novella has been adapted to various media over the decades, including stage, screen and operatic works. The narrator is a pilot . At the beginning he tells readers he cannot find a person who is congenial to his taste because he finds that all adults are down –to-earth.
Then the narrator begins his story about his experience with the little prince he met in the Sahara desert because of the stranded crashed aircraft. The little prince came from a house-sized asteroid (planet) named B612, which has three volcanoes (two active, and one dormant) and a rose among various other objects. The pilot narrates what happened between the little prince and his rose, why the little prince left his asteroid and what planets the little prince had visited before he reached the earth.
The pilot narrates the experiences of the six asteroids the little prince had ventured in a third person in which the little prince met the king, the conceited man, the drunkard/tippler, the businessman, the lamplighter, the geographer , a snake, a desert-flower, a whole row of rosebushes, a fox ,a railway switchman, a merchant and the pilot himself. Each of them has a dialogue with the little prince an indicates a special philosophy. The friendship between the little prince and the pilot is so invaluable that the pilot is so sad when the little prince left the earth that he writes the book in memory of the little prince. . The overview of the two worlds There is a world difference between the little prince and the adults. The spiritual world of the little prince on behalf of the children is innocent and chaste, full of truth and warm, in which the relation between person and person, person and things, or things and things is all direct and nature, without being polluted by the modern civilization and it has gotten rid of the restrictions of ‘adults logic’. When it comes to the adults’ spiritual world, it is full of interdictions and taboos, polluted by the modern civilization.
The adults give in the temptation of the external stress and money, even are bent solely on profit, at the expense of their true feelings. We worship the pure world of children and look down on the complicated world of adults. It seems that it does not have any common in the two worlds. We take it for granted if such adults who are bent solely on profit feel lonely and have contradictions in life. Nevertheless, the loneliness and contradictions not only exist in the adults’ world but also n the children’ world At the beginning of the book, Saint-Exupery stressed that this book was dedicated to a grown-up or it also can be a book to the child from whom this grown-up grew. Because all grown-ups were once children. Two worlds are apparently presented from two perspectives of children and adults. In the chapter 1, the writer or the pilot tells his own experiences on communicating with adults. Through the answer he got from the adults on his question about his drawings, he found that ‘Grown-ups never understand anything by themselves, and it is tiresome for children to be always and forever explaining things to them. This is prelude to detail the two worlds of children and adults in the subsequent chapters. Then the pilot met the little prince and listen to the little prince’s adventures in the six asteroids and on earth. Then the children’s world and the adults’ world gradually unfolded. However, no matter the world of children or the world of adults, they are full of loneliness in human nature and contradiction in life. The philosophies in the dialogues between the little prince and those he met leading us to ponder on the loneliness and contradiction, to reflect ourselves and whether or how we can solve these problems. . Adults’ world 2. 1 The introduction to the adults appear in the journey Saint-Exupery details the adults’ world through the series characters the little prince met: the king, the conceited man, the drunkard/tippler, the businessman, the lamplighter, the geographer, the railway switchman, the merchant and the pilot himself. The king can “control” the stars, but only by ordering them to do what they would do anyway. He then relates this to his human subjects; it is the citizens’ duty to obey, but only if the king’s demands are reasonable. He orders the prince to leave as his ambassador.
The conceited man wants to be admired by everyone, but lives alone on his planet. He cannot hear anything that is not a compliment. The drunkard/tippler is who drinks to forget that he is ashamed of drinking. The businessman is constantly busy counting the stars he thinks he owns. He wishes to use them to buy more stars. The prince then goes on to define property. The prince owns the flower and volcanoes on his planet because he cares for them and they care for him, but because one cannot maintain the stars or be of use to them, he argues, the businessman cannot own them. The lamplighter lives on an asteroid which rotates once a minute.
Long ago, he was charged with the task of lighting the lamp at night and extinguishing it in the morning. At that point, the asteroid revolved at a reasonable rate, and he had time to rest. As time went on, the rotation sped up. Refusing to turn his back on his work, he now lights and extinguishes the lamp once a minute, getting no rest. The prince empathizes with the lamplighter, the only adult he has met who cares about something other than himself. The geographer spends all of his time making maps, but never leaves his desk to examine anywhere (even his own planet), considering that is the job of an explorer.
The geographer in any case very doubts of any explorer’s character and would most likely disregard the report. He does not trust things he has not seen with his own eyes, yet will not leave his desk. Out of professional interest, the geographer asks the prince to describe his asteroid. The prince describes the volcanoes and the rose. “We don’t record flowers,” says the geographer, “because they are only ephemeral”. The prince is shocked and hurt to learn that his flower will someday be gone. The geographer then recommends that he visit the Earth.
The prince then meets a railway switchman and a merchant who provide further comments on the ridiculousness and absurdity of much of the human condition. The switchman tells the prince how passengers constantly rush from one place to another aboard trains, never satisfied with where they are and not knowing what they are after, only the children amongst them bothering to look out of the windows. The merchant tells the prince about his product, a pill which eliminates thirst and is therefore very popular, saving people fifty-three minutes a week; the prince replies that he would use the time to walk and find fresh water. . 2 The analysis of the loneliness in human nature and the contradiction in life in the adults’ world To some extent, the king, the conceited man, the drunkard/tippler, the businessman and the geographer are all self-serving. However, every of them is faced with the loneliness and contradiction . They are all concerned with the status of themselves. They try every means and excuses to met their own requirement and ignore how to love. They play the boring number games belong to the adult world, full of greed, self-justification and lack of the love and interest to the real world.
What they do can be seen as a way to relieve their loneliness and contradiction. The king is crazy with the power. The conceited man is infatuated with compliment. The drunkard is unable to extricate oneself from the happiness of the drunkenness. The businessman only cares for how many stars he owned. The geographer keeps the knowledge for himself. They regard the world as what he can get from it. They are indifferent to other people’s need and have no interest to other people’s spirit and values. They are the center of the world. All these rightly show their contradiction in their life just as the real world in the middle twentieth century.
They try to set aim and achieve it, however their endless greed make it unattainable forever. Although they abandon themselves to their special happiness. Actually, they are the real loner and the loneliness pervades their life. There is nobody but king in the asteroid 325. When the king repeatedly asked the little prince not to leave and made the little prince the minister and ambassador, the little prince refused it and left the words “The grown? ups are very strange”. The king belong to the grown-ups is not only strange but also lonely so that he hopes the little prince could stay to accompany him by the temptation of power.
However, it does not have any interest to the little prince who is on behalf of the children. The king have the power to condemn the rat he assumed to death, but he have to pardon him on each occasion because he is the only one he has. This is a contradiction in the king’s life, also a kind of case in the real adult world. Even he hate it, he need to love it because it is the only one who can relieve his loneliness. When he came to asteroids 326, he met the conceited man, who is also the only person in his planet. To the conceited man, all other men are admirers; however, there is no one but himself in his planet.
The loneliness and contradiction are therefore presented to us. Conceited people never hear anything but praise just as the adults are concerned with nothing but the matters of consequence. With ‘The grown? ups are certainly very odd’ left, the little prince met a tippler in the next asteroid 327, who drinks to forget that he is ashamed of drinking. It’s the third time to present its loneliness and contradiction in human nature and life in the adult world. By the means of drinking to forget the loneliness and the shame of drinking is very common in the adult world. Again leaving ‘the grown? ps are certainly very, very odd,’ the little prince continues his journey and met the businessman in the next asteroid 328. The businessman is addicted to his counting in his own world and ignores the little prince and become impatient with him just as the attitude the grown-ups towards children. To the adults, what are the real matters of consequence, their children are not important? It is the fourth time that the little prince said to himself ‘the grown? ups are certainly altogether extraordinary. ’ Then the little prince met the lamplighter in the asteroid 329.
The lamplighter is faithful to his orders and never changes it. Once every minute he has to light his lamp and put it out. Another contradiction shows us what he got from such job. In the real adults’ world, many adults are busy but they do not know their meaning . It seems that what the lamplighter does is for others and in no mood to get anything for himself, which wins the little prince’s praise that ‘that man is the only one of them all whom I could have made my friend’, actually the lamplighter sticks in the mud and lives aimlessly. He does not have any value of his life .
What he love in life is to sleep and does not have the ability to admire the life. It is sad for an adult. In the adults’ world, they make them busy to forget their loneliness . And another contradiction presents that it is possible for a man to be faithful and lazy at the same time. It indicates the dumb which caused by their loneliness and the contradiction in the adult’s spiritual world. In the next asteroid 330. ,the little prince met the geographer, who spends all of his time making maps, but never leaves his desk to examine anywhere (even his own planet), considering that is the job of an explorer.
It presents us the geographer’s contradiction. He spends all of his time making maps, but never leaves his desk to examine anywhere (even his own planet). The theory should come from the practice ,which obviously indicates the contradiction of the adults who want profit by other people’s toil . On the earth the little prince met the railway switchman. From adult’s perspective ,the switchman himself speaks out their adults’ contradiction: ‘no one is ever satisfied where he is’ ,’they are pursuing nothing at all,’ which is the embody of adult’s loneliness.
At the same time, the switchman admires the children’ they are lucky’. It implies that adults are not lucky, who are constraint with the loneliness and contradiction. The next adult the little prince met is a merchant who sells pills which could save a tremendous amount of time. In the adults’ world, they need time to do anything they like, even aimlessly. At last, the little prince met the pilot, who is the only adult he made friends with. The pilot is an adult who still retains childlike innocence. As an adult, he is like a round peg in a square hole In the adults’ world, he feel lonely .
And the truth is also a contradiction for him. Considering his age ,he should behave like an adult ,but the result is opposite . He gets tired of the adults’ world and have commons with the little prince. And the appearance of the little prince helps him find what he wants and to get rid of the loneliness and contradiction. 3. The children’s world 3. 1 The analysis to the characters in the children’s world The snake is the first animal the little prince makes the acquaintance of. When the little prince sigh with ‘It is a little lonely in the desert… , the snake told him ‘It is also lonely among men, ‘Which indicates that loneliness is everywhere ,whatever their age. And it is the snake that help the little prince go back his ideal world. The fox told the little prince the philosophy of tame. ‘Men have no more time to understand anything. They buy things already made at the shops. But there is no shop anywhere where one can buy friendship, and so men have no friends anymore. ’ On this point, the fox tells us a way to make friends and get out of the loneliness: to tame. Children have their own ways to tame; adults have their own ways to tame.
And the echoes between the mountains represent the world’s loneliness, the cold and detached between people. 3. 2 The loneliness and contradiction in the children’s world The little prince is the representative of the children’s world. The loneliness and contradiction accompany his whole journey. He loves to see sunset, whereas it’s a reflect of his sadness and loneliness. He loves his rose but he has to leave. In the asteroid of the little prince ,there is only a rose. They depends on each other to relieve their sense of loneliness. However,it is a contradiction. But the rose does not know nything about how to care for others, the little prince who is the only one can accompany her. The rose does not know how to express her responsibility to the little prince and what she cares is to threaten and then get . At last, the little prince has to leave her. ‘Flowers are so inconsistent! But I was too young to know how to love her… ’, with the pity, the little prince began his journey and hope to meet someone who can understand her. All the adults but the pilot he met are all strange to him. And the animals and plants appeared in the journey become the advisor in the little prince’s life, especially the snake and the fox.
Reflecting the real world, the children in nature have interest in the animals and plants. By observing them, children get pleasures belong to themselves, even they play alone. Animals and plants belong to the children’s world. They guide the little prince in a philosophy way to get out of the loneliness and contradiction. Conclusion When Saint-Exupery wrote this book, it’s in the World War Two. The France was occupied by Nazi at that time and he went to the United States. By reflect the causes of the war, the greed and wish for power in human nature is the root.
On one side, the fascist on behalf the evil in human nature invaded and on the other side, the antifascist on behalf of the kind in human nature resisted. Two sides in human nature contradicted. As a pilot in the real world , Saint-Exupery had also been in the war and experienced the bitterness and the cruelty of war. It’s two sides of human nature that controls the war and it is also a contest between the two sides. What is the meaning in the life, no matter the children’s world or adult’s world? Whether the loneliness in human nature or the contradiction moves the development of the world?
If human do not feel lonely and there is no contradiction in life, what will they pursue for? These questions are all what we can think from this story. No matter in children’s world or in the adults’ world ,they all existed the loneliness and contradiction . Confronted with these questions ,they have their own attitudes towards them. The loneliness in human nature and the contradiction in life presented in this book, to some extent, give us enlightenment on the world’s development. The two worlds are also a reflection of the fact and help the children and